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The Aleppo Codex was the first complete Bible using masoretic symbols and ordering by Aaron ben Moses ben Asher







Jews and Kenites





Genesis 4:

9. And the Lord said unto Cain, Where is Abel thy brother? And he said, I know not: am I my brother's keeper?
10. And he said, What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me from the ground.
11. And now art thou cursed from the earth, which hath opened her mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand;
12. When thou tillest the ground, it shall not henceforth yield unto thee her strength; a fugitive and a vagabond shalt thou be in the earth.
13. And Cain said unto the Lord, My punishment is greater than I can bear.
14. Behold, thou hast driven me out this day from the face of the earth; and from thy face shall I be hid; and I shall be a fugitive and a vagabond in the earth; and it shall come to pass, that every one that findeth me shall slay me.
15. And the Lord said unto him,
Therefore whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold. And the Lord set a mark upon Cain, lest any finding him should kill him.








Gensis 4:9-12  And the LORD said unto Cain, Where is Abel thy brother? And he said, I know not: Am I my brother's keeper?   And he said, What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me from the ground.  And now art thou cursed from the earth, which hath opened her mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand; When thou tillest the ground, it shall not henceforth yield unto thee her strength; a fugitive and a vagabond shalt thou be in the earth.







Matthew 13:

27 So the servants of the householder came and said unto Him, Sir, Didst not thou sow good seed in thy field? from whence then hath it tares?

28 He said unto them, an enemy hath done this. The servants said unto him, Wilt thou then that we go and gather them up?

29 But He said, NAY; lest while Ye gather up the tares, Ye root up also The wheat with them.

30 Let Both grow together until The Harvest: And in the time of Harvest I will say to The Reapers, Gather Ye Together first the tares, and bind them in Bundles to burn them: but gather the wheat into my barn.











Christian David Ginsburg




Christian David Ginsburg was one of the most famous and accomplished Bible scholars of the 19th century. Born a Jew in Warsaw in 1831 and in receipt of a traditional yeshiva education, he eventually converted to Christianity while a teenager and parlayed his early education into a career as a Bible scholar and missionary of note. He prepared a Hebrew translation of the New Testament intended, obviously, to aid in converting Jews. He wrote a still-valuable introduction to Tanakh called the "Introduction to the Massoretico-critical edition of the Hebrew Bible." Working with rare and valuable Hebrew manuscripts at the British Museum (now the British Library) he produced a monumental four volume work called "The Massorah, compiled from manuscripts alphabetically and lexically arranged," He produced high quality Bibles, wrote numerous essays on Jewish subjects and many entries for the excellent "Cyclopaedia of Biblical Literature," originally edited by John Kitto (1862-66). He was involved in debunking the Shapira forgery.

-- Mississippi Fred MacDowell


Ginsburg, C. D. Introduction to the Massoretico-critical edition of the Hebrew Bible

Ginsburg, C. D. Essays on the Massorah, 1864




The "Masoretic Text" was copied during the 7th & 10th centries by a group of Jews known as the Masoretes. This text is thought to have some differences from the Septuagint by some scholars; but differ little with the Qumran. Modern day studies show the Masoretic Text has proven little difference between theTanakh and the Dead Sea Scrolls.


1> Ginsburg, C. D. The Massorah, Volume 1 

2> Ginsburg, C. D. The Massorah, Volume 2 

3> Ginsburg, C. D. The Massorah, Volume 3 

4> Ginsburg, C. D. The Massorah, Volume 4 

5> Ginsburg, C. D. The Massorah, Volume 5 

6> Ginsburg, C. D. The Massorah, Volume 6 







Levita, Elias, The Massoreth Ha-Massoreth: being an exposition of the massoretic notes on the Hebrew Bible, or the ancient critical apparatus of the Old Testament in Hebrew, with an English translation, and critical and explanatory notes, by Christian D. Ginsburg.

R. Eliyahu HaMedakdek, Masores HaMasores




The first "Official" Bible text (still used today) was the "Great Rabbinic Bible", published in 1524-1525 by Daniel Bomberg.







E.W. Bullinger





E.W Bullinger was an English Biblical scholar that helped Christian David Ginsburg completion and publication of a Hebrew version of the New Testament . He was a member of the Trinitarian Bible Society, and his major work was his controbution to "The Companion Bible". The Companion Bible was not completed before his death in the year of our Lord 1913; but finished by his associates.




One area that I do not agree with Bullinger is his belief in the Rapture Doctrine.  Bullinger was considered a hyperdispensationalist whos roots lead back John Nelson Darby.  Pre-tribulation rapture theology was developed in the 1830s by Darby and the Plymouth Brethren, and popularized in the United States in the early 20th century by the wide circulation of the Scofield Reference Bible


Even though I strongly disagree with the Rapture Doctrine, Dr. Bullinger left an amazing wealth of knowledge within "The Companion Bible" which deserves to be studied. 








Bertrand L. Comparet




Bertrand L. Comparet was a native Californian, born in San Diego. He was graduated from Stanford University with the degrees of Bachelor of Arts and Juris Doctor. He was admitted to the California Supreme Court or California Bar in 1926 and by the United States Supreme Court in 1956.


From 1926 to 1932 he was Deputy District Attorney for San Diego County. From 1942 to 1947 he was Deputy City Attorney for the City of San Diego. He thereafter engaged in private law practice until 1968, when he retired to devote full time to the Kingdom Identity message.  In 1976 Bertrand L. Comparet received a Doctor of Divinity degree in recognition of his tremendous output of important writings on Biblical and historical matters.

-- Jeanne W. Snyder



Though this author was involved with the "Kingdom Identity" message, it should be noted that this website does not endorse the "Kingdom Identity" movement in any way, shape, or form.  It is my opinion that our Father loves all of his children equally; God does not play favorites among races nor people.  Dr. Comparet has written material that must be rightly divied by the word.  It would be a shame to dismiss much of his work due to his personal beliefs. 



Act 10:28 - And he said unto them, Ye know how that it is an unlawful thing for a man that is a Jew to keep company, or come unto one of another nation; but God hath shewed me that I should not call any man common or unclean.









Political Information










John 21:5-6  Then Jesus saith unto them, Children, have ye any meat? They answered him, No.  And he said unto them, Cast the net on the right side of the ship, and ye shall find. They cast therefore, and now they were not able to draw it for the multitude of fishes.

















The Torah (which means teaching) is the Jewish name for the first five books of the Bible: 

1> Bereshit ("In [the] beginning," Genesis),

2> Shemot ("Names," Exodus),

3> Vayikra ("He called", Leviticus[1]),

4> Bamidbar ("In the desert," Numbers),

5> Devarim ("Words," Deuteronomy).



The Talmud (meaning to teach and/or study") is a central text of mainstream Judaism, considered second to the Torah.  It contains the opinions of thousands of rabbis on a variety of subjects, including law, ethics, philosophy, customs, history, theology, and lore.  It is not recognized by most Christian churches, while most Orthodox Jews stress the importance of the Talmud.  The Sadducees and Pharisees argued on what is called the Talmud's Oral Law (oral tradition), on the subject of resurrection after death.


There were two (2) Talmuds written.  The older is called the Jerusalem Talmud or the Talmud Yerushalmi. It was compiled in the 4th  century in Israel. The Babylonian Talmud was compiled around the 3rd to 5th centeries, while also edited later. The "Talmud" usually refers to the Babylonian Talmud.  Criticisms also arise from Christian, Muslim, Jewish, and evern atheists based on the following: 

1> Anti-Christian or anti-Gentile content[51][52][53][54]

2> Absurd or sexually immoral content[55]

3> Falsification of scripture[56][57][58]

Typically a critic of the Talmud are usually labeled as antisemitic.  Typically it will be said that quotations that are taken out of context, and thus misrepresent the meaning of the Talmud's text.  I wouldn't take anyones word for it; read it for yourself. 

What is the Talmud?









Shepherd’s Chapel

Pastor Arnold Murray






Joel 2:1 Blow ye the trumpet in Zion, and sound an alarm in my holy mountain: let all the inhabitants of the land tremble: for the day of the LORD cometh, for it is nigh at hand;

Joel 2:2 A day of darkness and of gloominess, a day of clouds and of thick darkness, as the morning spread upon the mountains: a great people and a strong; there hath not been ever the like, neither shall be any more after it, even to the years of many generations.


Joel 2:28 And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions:

Joel 2:29 And also upon the servants and upon the handmaids in those days will I pour out my spirit.

Joel 2:30 And I will shew wonders in the heavens and in the earth, blood, and fire, and pillars of smoke.


John 21:10 Jesus saith unto them, Bring of the fish which ye have now caught.

John 21:11 Simon Peter went up, and drew the net to land full of great fishes, an hundred and fifty and three: and for all there were so many, yet was not the net broken.



If you do a web search on the "Shepherd's Chapel" or "Arnold Murray", you will find this is either a "you love'em" or a "you hate'em" ministry.  Funny thing also is that Pastor Murray NEVER metions nor attacks any ministry by name.  In a way I don't like even getting into this because the hate claims are so absurd (and this time could better spend doing other things).  However, for a sake of getting it out of my system, I will cover a few claims.  The following statements are my opinion alone which may or may not reflect the opinion of Pastor Arnold Murray.  Please notice links for verification. 


1> Shepherd's Chapel "Answer To Critics" and "Statement of Faith"


2> False Teachings / False Prophet:  There are many claims that Pastor Murray made claims that the end of the world would happen on a certain date.  I have been studing with this ministry since 1985, and I have never heard such a claim.  I'm not going to say it never happened, but there is not substancial proof from what I have observed to date.   


3> False Doctorate Degree:  Some of the early literature from the Shepherd's Chapel has "Dr. Arnold Murray" on it.  To the best of my understanding, Pastor Murray does have a doctorate degree but the school is non-accredited.  Since he has been attacked on this issue, today (and probably for the last decade) he uses "Pastor Arnold Murray" on all literature issued by the ministry. 


4> Pre-existance / Reincarnation:  Pastor Murray does not teach "Pre-existance".  For an example, let's say someone says that they went to town yesterday.  Some may say this person believes in pre-existance because they said they existed yesterday and therefore they believe they pre-existed.  Another example is that to say, "I don't believe I was ever a baby because I don't remember it". 


Pastor Murray says that no soul has ever cease existing since its creation.  He also say that there is absolutely no such thing as reincarnation.  Pastor Murray does teach 3 Earth/Heaven Ages also known as the "Gap Theory".  Also, he believes that all souls were created by God in the 1st Age, most souls are required to go through this 2nd Age one time, while some souls will be destroyed forever in hell in the 3rd Age which is yet future. 


5> Serpent Seed Doctrine:  Many people disagree with this doctrine because they say it is "racist", or the teaching of "White Supremacy", or the "Kingdom Identity" movement.  Pastor Murray says that God loves all children equally, he is not a respector of specific people, and it is his desire that all go to heaven. 


6> Rapture Doctrine:  There is no doubt Pastor Murray does not like the "Rapture Doctrine".  He thinks it is a false teaching.  When I first heard this, it was my mission to prove Rapture was truth.  I grew up in a Church that taught this message.  After very much study, and as bad as I hated to admit it at that time,  I decided the pastor was correct and I was wrong.


7> Denial of Trinity: There are claims that Pastor Murray teaches there is no Trinity.  Pastor Murray does teach "modelism" (or Sabellianism), but absolutly does not deny the Trinity.  The Trinity are 3 roles of one God, or do you believe in more than one God?


8> Basic Disagreement:  All Christian churches (and religions) believe they are right, and anyone that disagrees with them are wrong or they would not be attending that church. Pastor Murray teaches what he believes is truth, and churches that disagree with him are offended.  Please change the channel if you disagree and are easily offended.  I can assure you we do not want to offend or belittle anyone.  Even though others directly attack Pastor Murray, he does and will not directly attack any person or ministry by name.  He does attack teachings that he believes are false, and those that disagree with him are offended. 


9> British Israelism:  Guilty as charged.  In my opinion, Pastor Murray does agree with this doctrine.  Many churches disagree on this subject. 


10> Shepherd's Chapel is a Cult:  When I think of a cult, I think of a group of people that are deprived of rational thinking; manipulated by a person (or group) through mind control.  Pastor Murray insist that members must think for themselves.  He says we must not take his word (nor any teacher) without checking it out for themselves through the word of God.  He recommends study tools such as a standard "King James Bible", the "Strongs Concordance", and "Smiths Dictionary".  He says that Christians should be able to listen to all sides of a argument and make their mind up for themselves.  I will be the first to admit that I do not agree with everything Pastor Murray says.  Does that sound like a cult; give me a break?